When it comes to the best wineries in Australia, you can’t go past the big names and the established vineyards that consistently produce the wines that Australia has become known for.
Whether it is the sweet tastes of the white wines of the south-west to the rich reds of the Yarra valley and the history of South Australia’s wine region, Australia’s wine has it all.
The Fergusson Winery, Yarra Valley
Leeuwin Estate, Margaret River
Howard Park and MadFish Wines, Great Southern Western Australia
South Australia’s Food and Wine Story
Irvine Wines, Barossa Valley, South Australia
Best Australian Wines
There is much debate about which wines is the best wine in Australia. Is it a matter of personal taste? Or does it get down to some key fundamentals about wine that can be objectively measured?
There are in fact some factors that influence wine quality and these should always be considered when looking at the best wines:
1. Size of the fruit: The size of the fruit effects the flavour of the fruit. Generally a smaller grape will result in a more concentrated the flavour.
2. Skin structure: Many of the aromatic characteristics of wine are drawn from the skin. A thick skin or thin skin will produce different characteristics suitable for different wines. A think skin is more common for Sauvignon blanc, whereas a thinskinned fruit will be more suitable for a Semillion.
3. Acid sugar ratio: The alcohol level of the final wine is determined largely by the grape’s sugar content dictates. Together with the acidity level, this determines the balance of the taste. These constituents form the subtle nuances that differentiate the various varietal characters.
4. Rootstock: Critical to ensure the resistance to vine louse and other pests, a rootstock needs also to be suitable for the soils and growing conditions of the vine. This will ultimately impact upon the vines taste and quality.
5. Soil: The soil supports the root structure of the vine and affects the level of nutrients that the vine is able to access in-situ. Ideally a vine will be planted in thin topsoil that retains some moisture and a subsoil that has good drainage so that the vine roots don’t become overly saturated.
6. Climate: The best environment for vine growing is a long, warm summer. This allows for grapes that ripen fully and develop a healthy balance in the level of sugars and acidity needed for good taste following fermentation.
You can see that with these factors, there are many regions in Australia within the right latitude that provides for the best growing environment grapes need.